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Do not be deceived: God cannot be mocked. A man reaps what he sows.

Whole food diet may help prevent colon cancer, other chronic conditions — ScienceDaily

A diet that includes plenty of colorful vegetables and fruits may contain compounds that can stop colon cancer and inflammatory bowel diseases in pigs, according to an international team of researchers. Understanding how these compounds work on a molecular level could be an initial step toward finding treatments for people with cancer, they added.

“What we are learning is that food is a double-edge sword — it may promote disease, but it may also help prevent chronic diseases, like colon cancer,” said Jairam K.P. Vanamala, associate professor of food sciences, Penn State. “What we don’t know is, ‘how does this food work on the molecular level?’ This study is a step in that direction.”

In the study, pigs that were served a high calorie diet supplemented with purple-fleshed potatoes had less colonic mucosal interleukin-6 — IL-6 — compared to a control group. IL-6 is a protein that is important in inflammation, and elevated IL-6 levels are correlated with proteins, such as Ki-67, that are linked to the spread and growth of cancer cells, said Vanamala, who also is a faculty member at the Penn State Hershey Cancer Institute.

According to the researchers, who reported their findings in a recent issue of the Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry, eating whole foods that contain macronutrients — substances that humans need in large amounts, such as proteins — as well as micro- and phytonutrients, such as vitamins, carotenoids and flavonoids, may be effective in altering the IL-6 pathway.

Vanamala said these findings reinforce recent research that suggests cultures with plant-based diets tend to have lower colon cancer rates than cultures with meat-based diets. Colon cancer is the second leading cause of cancer related deaths in the United States and a leading killer in many other Western countries, which tend to include more meat and less fruits and vegetables, he added.

While the researchers used purple potatoes in this study, Vanamala said other colorful fruits and vegetables could prompt similar effects. Colorful plants, including the purple potato, contain bioactive compounds, such as anthocyanins and phenolic acids, that have been linked to cancer prevention.

“For example, white potatoes may have helpful compounds, but the purple potatoes have much greater concentrations of these anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant compounds,” said Vanamala. “We use the purple potato as a model and hope to investigate how other plants can be used in the future.”

Another advantage of using whole foods for cancer treatment is that it would benefit the agriculture industry and likely help small farmers around the world.

“If this model works, we can see what works in other countries,” Vanamala said. “Instead of promoting a pill, we can promote fruits and vegetables that are very rich in anti-inflammatory compounds to counter the growing problem of chronic disease.”

The researchers fed the animals three different diets: a standard diet with 5 percent fat; a high-calorie diet, with 17 percent added dry fat and 3 to 4 percent added endogenous fat; and a high fat diet supplemented with purple-fleshed potatoes.

The expression of IL-6 was six times lower in pigs that ate the purple potato-enhanced feed compared to the control group. Researchers used both uncooked and baked potatoes and found similar effects.

Currently, anti-IL-6 drugs are used against certain type of rheumatoid arthritis? and are being considered to treat? other? ?inflammation-promoted chronic diseases like colon cancer. However, these drugs are expensive and can cause side-effects, including drug tolerance.

Vanamala said that the pig model was used because the digestive system is very similar to the human digestive system, more so than in mice. The diet approach to cancer treatment has also shown similar promise in mice, however, he added.

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May he give you the desire of your heart and make all your plans succeed.

NFL Defensive End Khalil Mack Defines ‘What Makes a Mack’ :: Story ID: 36466 :: Construction Equipment Guide

📅   Wed September 20, 2017 – National Edition

In a video recently released by Mack Trucks, Oakland Raiders defensive end Khalil Mack shares what it takes to be a Mack: hard work, determination and grit.

In a video recently released by Mack Trucks, Oakland Raiders defensive end Khalil Mack shares what it takes to be a Mack: hard work, determination and grit.


In a video recently released by Mack Trucks, Oakland Raiders defensive end Khalil Mack shares what it takes to be a Mack: hard work, determination and grit. These values match the values of Mack Trucks, which led the NFL star to partner with the brand.

The video, released just following the launch of the Mack Anthem model Sept. 13, features Mack, the 2016 NFL Defensive Player of the Year, as he works out, practices and takes the field. You can view the video at the bottom of this article.

“You only get out what you put in,” Mack says as the video shows the Mack Anthem taking the road. “And I’m all in. We live for times like these. We are Mack, and this is our Anthem.”

Mack Trucks announced the partnership with Mack, originally from Fort Pierce, Fl., in July.

“This partnership was a natural fit,” said John Walsh, vice president of global marketing and brand management for Mack Trucks. “We share the same values. We share the same name. But most importantly, Khalil Mack stands for everything we believe in – humility, honesty and dedication.”

“What Makes a Mack” was released Sept. 15. Previously, Mack Trucks released the video “Mack Meets Mack” in July to tremendous response. To date, that video has been viewed nearly 200,000 times.

Mack attended the University at Buffalo. The fact that he was lightly recruited out of high school and given a low ranking by a well-known video game maker going into his sophomore year of college served as motivators for him to work even harder.

The results speak for themselves. In 2013, Mack was named the Mid-American Conference Defensive Player of the Year, becoming the first Buffalo football player to win the award in the school’s history. He also set a number of school and NCAA records, including being tied for first in tackles for a loss and most forced fumbles.

He was selected by the Oakland Raiders with the fifth overall pick in the NFL draft in 2014, and in just his third year, was named NFL Defensive Player of the Year.

The Mack Anthem gives drivers and businesses the tools they need to command the road. With a bold grille and prominent Mack wordmark, the Anthem features an all-new exterior design with optimized aerodynamics for improved fuel efficiency. New driving and sleeping environments were crafted with an emphasis on increasing driver comfort and productivity.

The Anthem is available in several configurations, including a day cab, an all-new 48-in. flat top sleeper, and an all-new 70-in. stand up sleeper. The Anthem is now available for order.

For more information about Mack, visit www.macktrucks.com.


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Finally, brothers and sisters, whatever is true, whatever is noble, whatever is right, whatever is pure, whatever is lovely, whatever is admirable—if anything is excellent or praiseworthy—think about such things.

Wisconsin Senate Poised to Pass $3B for Foxconn Plant :: Story ID: 36459 :: Construction Equipment Guide

📅   Wed September 20, 2017 – Midwest Edition #19
Scott Bauer – Associated Press

The Wisconsin Senate is poised to approve nearly $3 billion to Foxconn Technology Group.
(Karen Bleier, Getty Images photo)

The Wisconsin Senate is poised to approve nearly $3 billion to Foxconn Technology Group.
(Karen Bleier, Getty Images photo)


MADISON, Wis. (AP) The Wisconsin Senate was poised to approve nearly $3 billion in cash payments for Taiwan-based Foxconn Technology Group, an unprecedented incentive package for the electronics company to locate a flat-screen factory in the state.

The proposed subsidy would be the largest ever from a U.S. state to a foreign company and 10 times bigger than anything Wisconsin has extended to a private business. It would take at least 25 years for Wisconsin to see a return on its investment, the nonpartisan Legislative Fiscal Bureau estimated.

Foxconn would receive $2.85 billion in cash payments over 15 years if it invests $10 billion in the state and employs 13,000 people. It could also qualify for $150 million in sales tax exemptions for construction equipment.

The Assembly, which like the Senate is firmly in GOP control, takes a final vote. The bill then goes to Gov. Scott Walker, who led negotiations on the deal and has a deadline to sign a bill by the end of the month.

Critics, including Democrats who don’t have the votes to stop it, argued that state taxpayers are giving up too much. They also questioned whether the state economic development agency, which has had trouble tracking much smaller projects, will be able to properly verify that the required investments are made and jobs created.

Senate Democrats were pushing changes to the bill they said would prioritize Wisconsin workers and businesses, protect taxpayers from overpayments to Foxconn and increase environmental oversight. None were expected to be adopted.

“Taxpayers know it’s going to cost them $3 billion but they have no idea what they’re buying,” said Sen. Jon Erpenbach, a Democrat from Middleton, during debate. “There are no guarantees in this legislation and we don’t even know what we’re buying.’

Republican Sen. Alberta Darling, co-chair of the Legislature’s budget committee, urged Democrats to get on board with a project she said was both a good deal for taxpayers and would be transformational for the state by making it a leader in the advanced manufacturing world.

“Passing this up would be a huge mistake,’ she said.

Walker and other supporters say Foxconn is giving the state a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to get a foothold in the world electronics market. Foxconn is the largest contract maker of electronics, best known for making iPhones, but with a long list of customers including Sony Corp., Dell Inc. and BlackBerry Ltd.

The Wisconsin plant would be the first outside of Asia to construct liquid crystal display panels for televisions, computers and other uses. Foxconn wants to open the factory by 2020 and initially employ 3,000 people.

Environmental groups and others concerned with waiving certain state regulations to speed construction of the plant have been threatening to file lawsuits. Foxconn would be allowed to build in wetland and waterways and construct its 20-million sq. ft. campus without first doing an environmental impact statement.

Republicans planned to tweak the bill to give the Wisconsin Supreme Court the option to take appeals related to the Foxconn project directly from the circuit court. As advanced by the committee, all Foxconn-related appeals would go directly to the Supreme Court, skipping the state appeals court. Legal experts had questioned the constitutionality of requiring all appeals to go directly to the Supreme Court, which is controlled 5-2 by conservative justices.

Foxconn was eyeing locations in Racine and Kenosha counties in southeastern Wisconsin, in between Milwaukee and Chicago. The mayor of Kenosha sent a letter to Walker saying the bill didn’t do enough to make it possible for the city to support the project, leaving Racine County as the likely home to the factory, although no exact location has been announced.


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Come to me, all you who are weary and burdened, and I will give you rest.

Ford to cut production at five North American vehicle plants

DETROIT (Reuters) – Ford Motor Co (F.N) said on Tuesday it plans to idle five North American vehicle assembly plants for a total of 10 weeks to reduce inventories of slow-selling models.

The plants affected include three assembly plants in the United States and two in Mexico, the company said in a statement. The vehicle models include the Ford Fusion and Lincoln MKZ midsize sedans, the Ford Focus compact car, the Lincoln Continental and Ford Mustang, Ford Fiesta and the Ford Transit van.

Ford said the Cuautitlan assembly plant that builds the Fiesta would be idled for three weeks. The Hermosillo, Mexico plant that builds the Fusion and MKZ and the Flat Rock, Michigan, factory that assembles Continentals and Mustangs will be idled for two weeks each. The Michigan Assembly plant that builds the Focus will be idled for one week and the Kansas City assembly line that builds Transit vans will be down for two weeks. Ford did not give dates for the temporary shutdowns.

The factories involved employ more than 15,000 people, according to Ford’s website. The company did not say how many of those workers would face temporary layoffs.

As of Sept. 1, Ford had 111 days’ worth of unsold Mustangs, 87 days’ supply of Fusions, and a 103 days’ supply of Transit vans, according to Automotive News. Dealers had enough unsold Lincoln Continentals to last 162 days. Automakers aim for 65 to 70 days of inventory of most models.

Ford and rival General Motors Co (GM.N) have wrestled most of this year to rein in high inventories of passenger cars as consumers have shifted to buying pickup trucks and sport utility vehicles. Production cuts slice into revenue, but also could help the automakers avoid deeper price cuts on vehicles they can sell.

Reporting By Joe White; Editing by Dan Grebler

Our Standards:The Thomson Reuters Trust Principles.

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Therefore confess your sins to each other and pray for each other so that you may be healed. The prayer of a righteous person is powerful and effective.

Kobelco to Double Production Capacity at U.S. Manufacturing Facility by 2018 :: Story ID: 36429 :: Construction Equipment Guide

📅   Tue September 19, 2017 – National Edition

Production capacity at the Kobelco USA excavator production facility will include a total of 11 models by 2018.

Production capacity at the Kobelco USA excavator production facility will include a total of 11 models by 2018.


Kobelco USA is continuing its commitment to providing customers with quality products from its North American excavator production facility with plans to nearly double manufacturing capacity by 2018.

Mass production at the Spartanburg, S.C. facility began in 2016 with conventional machines weighing 20-plus tons. Over the past year, Kobelco has increased production capacity by threefold as the facility is ramping up to produce 1,800 units/year. Today, seven excavator models are being produced at Kobelco’s U.S. manufacturing facility – the SK210LC-10, SK210LC-10 Long Reach, SK260LC-10 Long Reach, SK300LC-10, SK300LC-10 High & Wide, SK350LC-10 and SK500LC-10.

KOBELCO will increase manufacturing capacity in late fall of 2017 with the addition of the SK500LC-10 unit with removable counterweight as well as the SK210LC-10 High & Wide. And by 2018, production capacity will include a total of 11 models with the addition of the SK170LC-10 and SK260LC-10 excavators.

“In a short period of time, we went from land and dirt to a factory with excavator production in full swing,” said Pete Morita, vice president – excavator division of Kobelco USA. “We continue to increase U.S. production capacity, expand our U.S. manufacturing team and keep our dealers and customers up and running by delivering excavators that are built like no other excavators in the industry. This is an exciting time for Kobelco USA as we implement aggressive plans to further our growth and momentum in 2018.”

Kobelco’s U.S.-based manufacturing facility also allows the company to proudly support the Association of Equipment Manufacturers (AEM). And as a participant of the AEM I Make America campaign, Kobelco has created more than 100 new jobs to date for the skilled workforce living in the communities that surround the Greenville and Spartanburg area. Kobelco is currently conducting another phase of hiring which will welcome more than 20 new employees in all operational areas including fabrication, paint, assembly and warehouse. The Kobelco U.S. production facility plans to steadily increase the number of employees during the next year.

For more information, visit www.kobelco-usa.com.


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It is written: ‘As surely as I live,’ says the Lord, ‘every knee will bow before me; every tongue will acknowledge God.’

Banks, chips help Wall St. scale record levels

(Reuters) – The three major U.S. indexes were trading at record levels on Monday, powered by gains in financial, technology and industrial stocks, with focus on Federal Reserve’s policy meet.

Shares of the major banks, including Bank of America (BAC.N), Goldman Sachs (GS.N) and JPMorgan (JPM.N), rose more than 1 percent, helped by rising bond yields. [US/]

Boeing (BA.N) and Caterpillar (CAT.N) rose more than 1.5 percent, providing the biggest boosts to the Dow, while Nvidia’s (NVDA.O) near 5 percent increase pushed the S&P and the Nasdaq higher.

Investors returned to risk taking as tensions eased on the Korean peninsula after U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson talked of “peaceful solution”.

“Market continues to firm up. We could be experiencing what’s known as a robust return environment,” said Ronald Sanchez, chief investment officer at Fiduciary Trust Company International in New York.

Market will shift its focus to the Federal Open Market Committee’s two-day meeting, which starts on Tuesday.

The meeting is unlikely to result in an interest rate increase, but investors will focus on how Fed Chair Janet Yellen views recent inflation readings for clues on the timing of further rate hikes.

Persistently weak readings of inflation that have remained below the Fed’s 2 percent target rate have been a concern for policymakers.

However, a stronger-than-expected rise in consumer prices in August triggered a more than 50 percent rise in the odds of a December rate hike, according to CME Group’s FedWatch tool.

“The trend in inflation has taken a downtick. I think she (Yellen) will need a little more evidence on the inflation side over the next month or two to have some conviction about moving rates in December,” Sanchez said.

The central bank is also expected to announce plans to begin unwinding its $4.2 trillion portfolio of Treasuries and mortgage-backed securities, nearly a decade after the global financial crisis.

At 12:33 p.m. ET (1633 GMT), the Dow Jones Industrial Average .DJI was up 78.77 points, or 0.35 percent, at 22,347.11, the S&P 500 .SPX was up 5.67 points, or 0.22 percent, at 2,505.9 and the Nasdaq Composite .IXIC was up 26.97 points, or 0.42 percent, at 6,475.44.

Seven of the 11 major S&P sectors were higher, led by a 0.95 percent gain in the financial index .SPSY.

Nvidia (NVDA.O) shares rose as much as 5.5 percent to hit a life high, following bullish brokerage reports. Advanced Micro Devices (AMD.O) rose more than 5 percent.

Shares of Orbital ATK (OA.N) hit a record high after Northrop Grumman (NOC.N) said it would buy the missile and rocket maker for about $7.8 billion in cash. Northrop’s shares rose 2 percent.

Advancing issues outnumbered decliners on the NYSE by 1,611 to 1,202. On the Nasdaq, 1,857 issues rose and 999 fell.

Reporting by Sruthi Shankar in Bengaluru; Editing by Arun Koyyur

Our Standards:The Thomson Reuters Trust Principles.

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We love because He first loved us.

Beijing cryptocurrency exchanges told to announce trading halt: source

SHANGHAI (Reuters) – Chinese authorities have ordered Beijing-based cryptocurrency exchanges to cease trading and immediately notify users of their closure, signaling a widening crackdown by authorities on the industry to contain financial risks.

Exchanges were also told to stop allowing new user registrations as of Friday, according to a government notice signed by the Beijing city group in charge of overseeing internet finance risks that was circulated online and verified by a government source to Reuters.

Platforms should also tell the government by Wednesday Sept. 20 how they will allow users to make withdrawals in a risk-free manner and handle funds to ensure that investors’ interests are protected, according to the notice that was also reported by state newspaper Securities Times.

“All trading exchanges must by midnight of Sept. 15 publish a notice to make clear when they will stop all cryptocurrency trading and announce a stop to new user registrations,” the government notice said.

China is cracking down on the cryptocurrency business to try to limit risks as consumers pile into a highly speculative market that has grown rapidly this year. Reuters and other media reported earlier this week that it planned to shut down the exchanges.

Shanghai-based BTCChina, a major Chinese bitcoin exchange, said on Thursday it would stop all trading from Sept. 30, citing tightening regulation, while smaller Chinese bitcoin exchanges ViaBTC, YoBTC and Yunbi on Friday also announced similar closures.

Beijing-based platforms OkCoin and Huobi, which are among China’s biggest exchanges, did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

The bitcoin price was down 5 percent at $3,071 at 1036 GMT on U.S. exchange Bitstamp. The bitcoin price index on trade website Coindesk slid below $3,000 for the first time in six weeks.

Bitcoin fell by more than 10 percent on Wednesday after a warning by JPMorgan Chief Executive Jamie Dimon that it “is a fraud” and will eventually “blow up”.

“ILLEGAL FLOWS”

FILE PHOTO: A bitcoin sign is held in Hong Kong February 28, 2014. REUTERS/Bobby Yip/File Photo

Earlier on Friday, a senior executive at China’s state-backed internet finance body said that “stateless” digital tokens such as bitcoin posed risks as they could be used for illegal actions, and rules were needed to support the development of “legal” digital currencies.

Li Lihui, a senior official at the National Internet Finance Association of China and a former president of the Bank of China, also told a conference in Shanghai that global regulators should work together to supervise cryptocurrencies.

“Digital tokens like bitcoin, ethereum that are stateless, do not have sovereign endorsement, a qualified issuing body or a country’s trust, are not legal currencies and should not be spoken of as digital currencies,” he said.

“They can become a tool for illegal fund flows and investment deals.”

He said there should be a distinction between digital currencies, which were being studied and developed by authorities such as the Chinese central bank, and digital tokens such as bitcoin. Digital currencies developed by authorities could be used for good, with the right regulation, he said.

The state-backed internet finance body was set up by the central bank and its members include banks, brokerages, funds and consumer finance companies.

On Wednesday, it urged members to abide by Chinese laws and not deal in cryptocurrencies.

Since January, Chinese bitcoin exchanges have rolled out a series of changes to comply with increased scrutiny by Beijing. Still, the industry was thrown into chaos on Sept. 4 when China issued a directive banning initial coin offerings (ICOs).

China’s crackdown “is all about protecting market stability and protecting the interest of investors, so halting these kinds of initial coin offerings is a very necessary action,” Li said.

Vlad Zamfir, a researcher at the Switzerland-based Ethereum Foundation told Reuters that it was no surprise China is moving against such currencies as Beijing has capital controls that are “in direct tension with the free ability to send any amount of money anywhere without any kind of delay”.

Reporting by Brenda Goh; Additional reporting by Bi Xiaowen in BEIJING, Shanghai Newsroom and Adam Jourdan; Editing by Richard Borsuk/Keith Weir

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The Lord is not slow in keeping his promise, as some understand slowness. Instead he is patient with you, not wanting anyone to perish, but everyone to come to repentance.

Russia’s standards agency says Mercedes to recall 8,404 cars

MOSCOW (Reuters) – Russia’s technical safety watchdog Rosstandart said on Friday that Mercedes-Benz (DAIGn.DE) planned to recall 8,404 cars sold in Russia due to possible technical issues.

The company will recall 8,346 cars sold in 2015 and 2016 and also 58 cars sold in 2016 and 2017, Rosstandart said in a statement.

Reporting by Polina Devitt; writing by Maria Tsvetkova; editing by Polina Devitt

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For the wages of sin is death, but the gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.

Indiana University scientists report new, highly accurate method to predict effectiveness of molecules that extract toxic elements from the environment — ScienceDaily

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A discovery by Indiana University researchers could advance the long-term storage of nuclear waste, an increasingly burdensome and costly task for the public and private agencies that protect people from these harmful chemicals.

In a study published Sept. 14, the scientists report they have developed a new chemical principle with the potential to revolutionize the creation of specially engineered molecules that extract radioactive elements from nuclear waste, significantly reducing the volume of these dangerous materials. The method is also applicable to molecules created to extract chemical pollutants from water and soil.

“This work represents a major step forward in the effort to engineer specially designed nanostructures by providing a new, highly accurate method to predict how these molecules will behave in solution,” said lead author Amar Flood, a professor in the IU Bloomington College of Arts and Sciences’ Department of Chemistry.

The research is reported in a cover article in the journal CHEM.

Flood said the study addresses the fact that it is nearly impossible to predict how efficiently an engineered molecule will perform in the real world. This is because chemists can currently only design molecules to function in isolation, despite the fact that molecules exist in combination — or “in solution” — with other molecules. Salt water, for example, is a solution of salt in water.

He compared the situation to designing a machine in outer space and then placing it at the bottom of the ocean. The waterlogged device will not function the same as the original design.

This is especially serious because creating artificial molecules to serve a specific function requires extremely precise design — like building a lock to fit a key. For example, a special molecule developed by Flood’s lab, called a cyanostar, consists of a five-sided star-shaped lattice of carbon and nitrogen atoms with an empty center — the “lock” — whose specific shape causes negatively charged molecules such as phosphates and nitrates — the “key” — to catch in the center and break off from their previous host. If the solution fills up or warps the lock, the key might no longer work.

Structures such as the cyanostar are also known as “receptor molecules” because they are specially designed to receive specific molecules. In addition to accomplishing nuclear waste reduction, this technology may be used to remove chloride from water — a part of the process used to convert seawater into freshwater — to eliminate excess chemical fertilizers from soil, or to gather lithium ions used in renewable power.

With the methods reported in the paper, Flood said, chemists can start to design new molecular reactions with the end goal in mind. Specifically, the new principle finds that the attraction between receptor molecules and negatively charged ion molecules is based on the dielectric constant of the solvent in which they’re combined. A dielectric constant is a measurement of a substance’s ability to stabilize electrical charge.

To test their method, the IU team applied their newly developed chemical principle to triazolophane — a molecule designed to extract chloride from surrounding molecules — in combination with chemical solvents commonly used in reactions to remove unwanted ions from other liquids. In each case, the principles discovered by Flood’s group accurately predicted the molecules’ effectiveness.

The primary researcher responsible for the method is Yun Liu, a Ph.D. student in Flood’s lab.

“The current paradigm only works for molecular designs on the drawing board, in theory, ” said Liu. “But we want to make molecules that will work in practice to help solve problems in the real world.”

The team also noted that the ability to accurately predict how a molecule will function in solution will assist in the development of highly accurate computer simulations to rapidly test chemically engineered molecules designed to achieve specific effects.

Additional authors on the paper were Krishnan Raghavachari, professor, and Arkajyoti Sengupta, Ph.D. student, both in the IU Bloomington Department of Chemistry, who were responsible for the study’s computational component.

This research was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy.

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You, my brothers and sisters, were called to be free. But do not use your freedom to indulge the flesh; rather, serve one another humbly in love.

Community College Offers Free Construction Skills Training to Colorado Students :: Story ID: 36338 :: Construction Equipment Guide

An information session will be held Sept. 15 at 1 p.m. in Room 101 at the Southwest Colorado Community College Mancos campus.

📅   Thu September 14, 2017 – National Edition
Emily Buenzle

Southwest Colorado Community College will host a free Construction Skills Training course from Sept. 18 to Oct. 6.

Southwest Colorado Community College will host a free Construction Skills Training course from Sept. 18 to Oct. 6.


Southwest Colorado Community College will host a free Construction Skills Training course from Sept. 18 to Oct. 6.

The course, which will be funded by the Colorado Opportunity Scholarship Initiative, will include:

  • OSHA 10-hour construction training
  • construction math and measurement
  • workplace and communication skills
  • an introduction to using hand tools and power tools
  • an overview of blueprint reading, and
  • the option for students to receive certification in CPR and CDOT flagging.
  • An information session will be held Sept. 15 at 1 p.m. in Room 101 at the Southwest Colorado Community College Mancos campus, The Journal reported.

    Students must complete a registration form before attending the classes, which will be held 9 a.m. to 1 p.m. Sept 18 to Oct. 6, at the Mancos campus.

    For more information, contact Nancy Zimmer at 970-564-6230.


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    For as in Adam all die, so in Christ all will be made alive.

    UH researchers discover new form of stretchable electronics, sensors and skins — ScienceDaily

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    A team of researchers from the University of Houston has reported a breakthrough in stretchable electronics that can serve as an artificial skin, allowing a robotic hand to sense the difference between hot and cold, while also offering advantages for a wide range of biomedical devices.

    The work, reported in the journal Science Advances, describes a new mechanism for producing stretchable electronics, a process that relies upon readily available materials and could be scaled up for commercial production.

    Cunjiang Yu, Bill D. Cook Assistant Professor of mechanical engineering and lead author for the paper, said the work is the first to create a semiconductor in a rubber composite format, designed to allow the electronic components to retain functionality even after the material is stretched by 50 percent.

    The work is the first semiconductor in rubber composite format that enables stretchability without any special mechanical structure, Yu said.

    He noted that traditional semiconductors are brittle and using them in otherwise stretchable materials has required a complicated system of mechanical accommodations. That’s both more complex and less stable than the new discovery, as well as more expensive, he said.

    “Our strategy has advantages for simple fabrication, scalable manufacturing, high-density integration, large strain tolerance and low cost,” he said.

    Yu and the rest of the team – co-authors include first author Hae-Jin Kim, Kyoseung Sim and Anish Thukral, all with the UH Cullen College of Engineering – created the electronic skin and used it to demonstrate that a robotic hand could sense the temperature of hot and iced water in a cup. The skin also was able to interpret computer signals sent to the hand and reproduce the signals as American Sign Language.

    “The robotic skin can translate the gesture to readable letters that a person like me can understand and read,” Yu said.

    The artificial skin is just one application. Researchers said the discovery of a material that is soft, bendable, stretchable and twistable will impact future development in soft wearable electronics, including health monitors, medical implants and human-machine interfaces.

    The stretchable composite semiconductor was prepared by using a silicon-based polymer known as polydimethylsiloxane, or PDMS, and tiny nanowires to create a solution that hardened into a material which used the nanowires to transport electric current.

    “We foresee that this strategy of enabling elastomeric semiconductors by percolating semiconductor nanofibrils into a rubber will advance the development of stretchable semiconductors, and … will move forward the advancement of stretchable electronics for a wide range of applications, such as artificial skins, biomedical implants and surgical gloves,” they wrote.

     

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    You, Lord, are forgiving and good, abounding in love to all who call to you.

    Groundwork to better understanding optical properties of glass — ScienceDaily

    Heavy Construction Photos

    Glass is everywhere. Whether someone is gazing out a window or scrolling through a smartphone, odds are that there is a layer of glass between them and whatever it is they’re looking at.

    Despite being around for at least 5,000 years, there is still a lot that is unknown about this material, such as how certain glasses form and how they achieve certain properties. Better understanding of this could lead to innovations in technology, such as scratch-free coatings and glass with different mechanical properties.

    Over the past few years, researchers at the University of Pennsylvania have been looking at properties of stable glasses, closely packed forms of glasses which are produced by depositing molecules from a vapor phase onto a cold substrate.

    “There have been a lot of questions,” said Zahra Fakhraai, an associate professor of chemistry in Penn’s School of Arts & Sciences, “about whether this is analogous of the same amorphous state of naturally aged glasses such as amber, which are formed by just cooling a liquid and aging it for many, many years.”

    In order to answer these questions, Fahkraai and Ph.D. student Tianyi Liu collaborated with chemistry professor Patrick Walsh who designed and synthesized a new special molecule that is perfectly round with a spherical shape. According to Fakhraai, these unique molecules can never align themselves with any substrate as they are deposited. Because of this, the researchers expected the glasses to be amorphous and isotropic, meaning that their constituent particles, whether they are atoms, colloids or grains, are arranged in a way that has no overarching pattern or order.

    Surprisingly, the researchers noticed that these stable glasses are birefringent, meaning the index of refraction of light is different in directions parallel and normal to the substrate, which wouldn’t be expected in a round material. Their results were published in Physical Review Letters.

    With birefringence, light shined in one direction will break differently than light shined from a different direction. This effect is often harnessed in liquid crystal displays: changing the orientation of the material causes light to interact differently with it, producing optical effects. In most deposited glasses, this is a result of molecules aligning in a particular direction as they condensate from the vapor phase into a deep glassy state.

    The birefringence patterns of the stable glasses were strange, Fakhraai said, as the researchers did not expect any orientation of these round molecules in the material.

    After teaming up with physics professor James Kikkawa and Ph.D. student Annemarie Exarhos, who did photoluminescence experiments to look at the orientation of the molecules, and chemistry professor Joseph Subotnick, who helped with the simulations aimed at looking at the crystal structure and calculating the index of refraction of the crystal which allowed them to work out the math of the degree of birefringence or ordering in the amorphous state, the researchers confirmed their hunch that there was no orientation in the material.

    Despite measuring zero order in the glass, the scientists still saw an amount of birefringence analogous to having up to 30 percent of the molecules perfectly ordered. Through their experiments, they found that this is due to the layer-by-layer nature of the deposition that allows molecules to pack more tightly in the direction normal to the surface during the deposition. The denser the glass, the higher the value of birefringence. This process can be controlled by changing the substrate temperature that controls the degree of densification.

    “We were able to show that this is a unique kind of order that is emergent from the process,” Fakhraai said. “This is a new sort of packing that’s very unique because you don’t have any orientation, but you can still manipulate the molecular distances on average and still have a random but birefringent packing overall. And so this teaches us a lot about the process of how you can actually access these lower state phases but also provides a way of engineering optical properties without necessarily inducing an order or structure in the material.”

    Since the stressors are distributed differently in and out of plane, these glasses could have different mechanical properties, which may be useful in coatings and technology. It may be possible to manipulate the orientation of a glass or its layering to give it certain properties, such as anti-scratch coatings.

    “We expect that if we were to indent the glass surface with something,” Fakhraai said, “it would have different toughness versus indenting it on the side. This could change its fracture patterns or hardness or elastic properties. I think understanding how shape, orientation and packing could affect the mechanics of these coatings is one of the places where interesting applications could emerge.”

    According to Fakhraai, one of the most exciting pieces of this research is the fundamental aspect of now being able to show that there can be amorphous phases that are high density. She hopes she and other researchers can apply their understanding from studying these systems to what would happen in highly aged glass.

    “This tells us that we can actually make glasses that have packings that would be relevant to very well-aged glass,” Fakhraai said. “This opens up the possibility of better fundamentally understanding the process by which we can make stable glasses.”

    This research was funded by National Science Foundation grants DMR-11-20901, DMR-1206270, CHE-1152488 and DMREF-1628407.


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    Tesla’s head of business development leaves after 11 years

    SAN FRANCISCO (Reuters) – Tesla Inc said on Wednesday that long-time executive Diarmuid O‘Connell, vice president of business development, had left after more than a decade at the electric car company.

    “For more than 11 years, Diarmuid has played an important role in helping Tesla grow from a small startup to a company with a presence around the world,” Tesla said in a statement. “He started with Tesla before the rollout of Roadster, and now that we’ve reached the launch of Model 3, he felt the time was right to move on and spend more time with his family.”

    O‘Connell’s responsibilities, which included government relations, will now be taken over by Tesla’s president of global sales and service, Jon McNeill, the company said.

    Reporting by Alexandria Sage; Editing by Matthew Lewis

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