Could edible insects help global food security? — ScienceDaily – News

Australian consumers in Adelaide are taking part in a University of Adelaide research study to help realize the potential for edible insects as a food industry.

Consumer attitudes are being put to the test at Adelaide Central Market with an offering of roasted crickets and ants, mealworm cookies and cricket energy bars.

“We want to further investigate consumers’ attitudes towards edible insects, evaluate taste preferences and consumers’ willingness to buy such products,” says Postdoctoral Fellow Dr Anna Crump, who’s working on the project with project leader Associate Professor Kerry Wilkinson and other researchers from the School of Agriculture, Food and Wine and the School of Humanities at the University of Adelaide.

“We will also be asking consumers questions relating to food neophobia — reluctance to eat novel or new foods. We’ll be interested to see if a consumer’s ethnicity influences their acceptance of edible insects.”

In a preliminary online survey of 820 Australian consumers, the researchers found that 20% had tried edible insects. Of those surveyed, 46% said they would be willing to try a cookie made from insect flour.

“In the earlier survey, consumers said they were most likely to try flavored or roasted insects and least likely to want to try cockroaches or spiders,” Dr Crump says.

“In this taste test, we’ve chosen products that consumers are most likely to react positively towards — apologies to anyone keen to try a cockroach or spider. The samples we’ll be offering consumers provide a good spread of the available insect products in Australia’s marketplace, some of which may be more acceptable than others.”

Dr Crump says the research will help guide the development of an edible insect industry.

“In Australia, edible insects remain an emerging agricultural industry. Consumer research is needed to improve consumer acceptance of edible insects, so as to realise their potential as an alternate protein source,” she says.

“We hope to be able to pinpoint target markets for edible insects and ways of encouraging their uptake by consumers as an alternative protein source.

“As such, this research will help to identify strategies for realizing the potential of edible insects, not only in the domestic market, but also as a high-value product for the export market.”

Associate Professor Kerry Wilkinson says edible insects could play a role in global food security.

“Issues such as climate change, increasing global population, scarcity of agricultural land and rapidly changing consumer preferences, particularly in developing countries where there is increasing demand for high quality animal protein,” Associate Professor Wilkinson says.

“These food security issues will only be overcome by a shift in food consumption habits, particularly when we are talking about meat consumption. Edible insects could provide one solution. We want to look at ways of overcoming barriers to insect consumption in Australia.”

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Materials provided by University of Adelaide. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.

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No one should seek their own good, but the good of others.

Construction Videos – Hitachi Construction Machinery Group – Vision[English Ver.]

Hitachi Construction Machinery Group

The Hitachi Construction Machinery Group strives to be a close and reliable partner ready to assist in any way possible. By further enhancing coordination within the HITACHI Group … we are committed to expanding the infinite possibilities of manufacturing construction machinery.

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For the Spirit God gave us does not make us timid, but gives us power, love and self-discipline.

Construction photos – WTC II



"Construction was supposed to begin in Fall 2004 after the design plans were finalized earlier that year, but the NYPD raised security concerns, which caused extensive revisions to the existing plans, thus delaying the start of the construction of the building by two years. Among the notable changes, the tower was moved further away from the West Highway, and a heavily fortified base to the building was added. In 2006, the Port Authority took over from Silverstein Properties, as the project’s developer Tishman Construction Corporation is the construction manager. Construction began in April 2006. Digging the foundation and installing tower-foundation steel columns, concrete, and rebar took twice as long as it normally would. The construction crews were prevented from using heavy machinery to dig the foundation due to the building’s location, which is closer to the existing subway line. The building reached grade level by 2010, progressed at a pace of one floor a week, topped out in August 2012, and was structurally completed in May 2013. The building opened on November 3, 2014, and the first 170 employees of anchor tenant Conde Nast began their work there."

Posted by ktmqi on 2017-05-29 19:31:40

Tagged: , WTC , New York City , Downtown , Wall Street , 9/11 Memorial , urban , buildings , people

Blessed is the one who perseveres under trial because, having stood the test, that person will receive the crown of life that the Lord has promised to those who love him.

Amazon Books – Life Hacks 2018 Day-to-Day Calendar

In the 60s, there was Heloise. In the 80s, there was MacGyver. In the 90s, Martha. But in the twenty-first century, who needs an expert or an encylclopedic brain? We’ve got life hacks! Life hacks are budget-friendly tips, tricks, and shortcuts that are intended to make life more efficient, solve common problems, and make you feel like you are #winning.

The Life Hacks 2018 Day-to-Day Calendar contains helpful hints to read and share, like how to cure a hangover, get the most out of your electronics, improvise in the kitchen, get freebies on your birthday, and escape from a crocodile’s jaws. (Hey, you never know . . . ) Readers of all ages will appreciate this collection of useful and entertaining ideas from 1000 Life Hacks.

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Idaho Road Construction

Welcome Idaho
Copenhaver Construction Inc. is a family owned and operated company. Established in 1992 we have continued to adapt and expand to meet the needs of our customers. From rock crushing to ready mix concrete, site prep to road construction, if you need some earth moved, hauled away or filled in, we are the one stop supplier you’re looking for. Please take a look at our products and services menu for information about what we have to offer. If you haven’t found what you need here, please feel free to call us at our office. Our helpful and knowledgeable staff is ready to assist you in any way we can. We look forward to speaking with you soon.

God made him who had no sin to be sin for us, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God.

Quick facts about Idaho

Idaho is a northwestern U.S. state known for mountainous landscapes, and vast swaths of protected wilderness and outdoor recreation areas. The capital, Boise, is set in the Rocky Mountain foothills and is bisected by the Boise River, which is popular for rafting and fishing. The city’s riverfront Julia Davis Park is a downtown green space containing a rose garden, museums and a zoo.
  • Capital:
    • Boise
  • Population:
    • 1.655 million (2015)
  • U.S. House delegation:
    • 1–Raúl Labrador (R); 2–Mike Simpson



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Construction photos – symons cone crusher

symons cone crusher

symons cone crusher
The symons Type cone crusher is the cone crusher which is the earliest appearance in the world, and it is used widest and larger quantity crush mechanism in present.

Posted by cnzenith on 2009-12-07 10:50:00

Tagged: , symons , cone , crusher.come , crusher

No one lights a lamp and hides it in a clay jar or puts it under a bed. Instead, they put it on a stand, so that those who come in can see the light.

Boxing News – Sports Weekly News

Heavyweight Dillian Whyte keen to make an example of next opponent

Join @danrafaelespn’s live chat as he discusses Joshua-Klitschko, Lomachenko-Sosa and all of your questions

Vasyl Lomachenko has very few problems in the ring — his trouble is in finding strong opponents.

Nicola Adams aspires to match Vasyl Lomachenko and Guillermo Rigondeaux’s world championship feats

@AlexandrGvozdyk, aka “The Nail,” faces his toughest test yet tomorrow on @HBOboxing .

Our pals at @HBOboxing unearthed this gem on the 30th anniversary of a fight you may have heard of: Hagler-Leonard

But Scripture has locked up everything under the control of sin, so that what was promised, being given through faith in Jesus Christ, might be given to those who believe.

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Heavy Construction News – Exhaustion is just a myth, say scientists — ScienceDaily

Heavy Construction Photos

Some scientists have declared that mineral deposits containing important non renewable resources such as copper and zinc will be exhausted in a few decades if consumption does not decrease. Reaching the opposite conclusion, the international team of researchers shows that even though mineral resources are finite, geological arguments indicate that they are sufficient for at least many centuries, even taking into account the increasing consumption required to meet the growing needs of society. How can this difference be explained?

Definitions matter: reserves and resources

“Do not confuse the mineral resources that exist within Earth with reserves, which are mineral resources that have been identified and quantified and are able to be exploited economically. Some studies that predict upcoming shortages are based on statistics that only take reserves into account, i.e. a tiny fraction of the deposits that exist,” explains Lluis Fontboté, Professor in the Department of Earth Sciences, University of Geneva. To define reserves is a costly exercise that requires investment in exploration, drilling, analyses, and numerical and economic evaluations. Mining companies explore and delineate reserves sufficient for a few decades of profitable operation. Delineation of larger reserves would be a costly and unproductive investment, and does not fit the economic logic of the modern market.

The result is that the estimated life of most mineral commodities is between twenty to forty years, and has remained relatively constant over decades. Use of these values to predict the amount available leads to the frequently announced risks of impending shortages. But this type of calculation is obviously wrong, because it does not take into account the amount of metal in lower quality deposits that are not included in reserves and the huge amount of metal in deposits that have not yet been discovered. Some studies have produced figures that include the known and undiscovered resources, but as our knowledge on ore deposits in large parts of Earth’s crust is very fragmentary, these estimates are generally very conservative.

The vast majority of mined deposits have been discovered at the surface or in the uppermost 300 meters of the crust, but we know that deposits are also present at greater depths. Current techniques allow mining to depths of at least 2000 to 3000 meters. Thus, many mineral deposits that exist have not yet been discovered, and are not included in the statistics. There have been some mineral shortages in the past, especially during the boom related to China’s growth, but these are not due to a lack of supplies, but to operational and economic issues. For instance, between the discovery of a deposit and its effective operation, 10 to 20 years or more can elapse, and if demand rises sharply, industrial exploitation cannot respond instantly, creating a temporary shortage.

Environment and society

“The real problem is not the depletion of resources, but the environmental and societal impact of mining operations,” says Professor Fontboté. Mining has been undeniably linked to environmental degradation. While impacts can be mitigated by modern technologies, many challenges remain. The financial, environmental and societal costs of mining must be equitably apportioned between industrialized and developing countries, as well as between local communities near mines and the rest of society. “Recycling is important and essential, but is not enough to meet the strong growth in demand from developing countries. We must continue to seek and carefully exploit new deposits, both in developing and in industrialized countries,” says the researcher at the University of Geneva.

The importance of research

But how can we protect the environment while continuing to mine? Continuing research provides the solutions. If we are to continue mining while minimizing associated environmental effects, we need to better understand the formation of ore deposits, to open new areas of exploration with advanced methods of remote sensing . The continual improvement of exploration and mining techniques is reducing the impact on Earth’s surface. “Rapid evolution of technologies and society will eventually reduce our need for mineral raw materials, but at the same time, these new technologies are creating new needs for metals, such as many of the 60 elements that make up every smart phone,” adds Professor Fontboté.

The geological perspective that guided the present study leads to the conclusion that shortages will not become a threat for many centuries as long as there is a major effort in mineral exploration, coupled with conservation and recycling. To meet this challenge, society must find ways to discover and mine the needed mineral resources while respecting the environment and the interests of local communities.

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For there is one God and one mediator between God and mankind, the man Christ Jesus.

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Construction photos – En Garde!

En Garde!

En Garde!


Crane at Education City is just a normal thing to see at the site…

It is of big help in lifting and transporting construction materials within its periphery…

There are movable and fixed type.

A crane is a lifting machine equipped with a winder, wire ropes or chains and sheaves that can be used both to lift and lower materials and to move them horizontally. It uses one or more simple machines to create mechanical advantage and thus move loads beyond the normal capability of a human. Cranes are commonly employed in the transport industry for the loading and unloading of freight; in the construction industry for the movement of materials; and in the manufacturing industry for the assembling of heavy equipment.

The first cranes were invented by the Ancient Greeks and were powered by men or beasts-of-burden, such as donkeys. These cranes were used for the construction of tall buildings. Larger cranes were later developed, employing the use of human treadwheels, permitting the lifting of heavier weights. In the High Middle Ages, harbour cranes were introduced to load and unload ships and assist with their construction – some were built into stone towers for extra strength and stability. The earliest cranes were constructed from wood, but cast iron and steel took over with the coming of the Industrial Revolution.

For many centuries, power was supplied by the physical exertion of men or animals, although hoists in watermills and windmills could be driven by the harnessed natural power. The first ‘mechanical’ power was provided by steam engines, the earliest steam crane being introduced in the 18th or 19th century, with many remaining in use well into the late 20th century. Modern cranes usually use internal combustion engines or electric motors and hydraulic systems to provide a much greater lifting capability than was previously possible, although manual cranes are still utilised where the provision of power would be uneconomic.

Cranes exist in an enormous variety of forms – each tailored to a specific use. Sizes range from the smallest jib cranes, used inside workshops, to the tallest tower cranes, used for constructing high buildings, and the largest floating cranes, used to build oil rigs and salvage sunken ships.

Posted by michaelgerardceralde™ on 2009-02-16 05:29:55

Tagged: , 16-35mm , SidraMedicalCenter , EducationCity , Qatar , EnGarde , Crane , Construction , PinoyKodakero , FromMyLens , PolarizeFilter , FlickrExplore

Whoever believes and is baptized will be saved, but whoever does not believe will be condemned.

Six-legged livestock for sustainable food production: Sustainable food — ScienceDaily – News

Identifying areas of particular high impact is an important step to improving the environmental sustainability of production systems. Insects have been heralded as the foods of the future — and now the first study to measure the environmental impacts and identify hotspots associated with commercial insect production has been published.

Cricket farming can be a sustainable way to produce animal source foods

The study demonstrated that cricket farming can be a sustainable means of producing animal source foods. The study compared cricket production in Thailand to broiler chicken production. Fifteen different environmental impacts were investigated including global warming potential, resource depletion and eutrophication.

In most cases, cricket production had a lower impact than broiler chicken production. The major reason for the lower impacts is the fact that the feed conversion into animal protein is more efficient, as the production of the feed is a major hotspot in both systems.

“This research is very timely, as there are many different stakeholders interested in farmed insects. Many people have seen insects as a means of lowering the environmental burden of animal production. Insects, in many cases, can be comparable to meat and fish in terms of nutritional value. The fact that we have shown here that they can be produced more environmentally sustainably than meat means that they represent a massive potential for lowering the impact of the food production” explains lead author, PhD student Afton Halloran of the University of Copenhagen’s Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports.

Possibility to become even more environmentally sustainable

The study also demonstrated the need for further research to look into alternative ways of feeding the crickets:

“While crickets consume plant matter in the wild, farmers started to use commercial chicken feeds because they saw that the crickets grew faster. Unfortunately, the production of feed ingredients like maize and soy can have detrimental effects on the environment. Luckily our colleagues at the Department of Entomology, Khon Kaen University are looking into other feed sources farmed crickets, such as different kinds of plants and waste products” concludes PhD student Afton Halloran.

In Thailand, cricket farming has been occurring for nearly 20 years with 20,000 farms scattered throughout the northeastern and northern parts of the country. Around the world, there are over 2,000 insect species that are regularly eaten. Most of these species are harvested from the wild, but around nine insect species are currently farmed for food and feed.

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Materials provided by Faculty of Science – University of Copenhagen. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.

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Whoever would foster love covers over an offense, but whoever repeats the matter separates close friends.